Rows Houses in Great Yarmouth

Photo:Postcard of Row 116, Great Yamouth

Postcard of Row 116, Great Yamouth

Great Yarmouth Museums

Photo: Illustrative image for the 'Rows Houses in Great Yarmouth' page
Photo:Kittiwitches Row

Kittiwitches Row

Great Yarmouth Museums

Photographs and information about Great Yarmouth Rows

By Richard Dade

Nobody knows for certain how or why the Rows originated as a distinctive town layout system, perhaps unique to Great Yarmouth. They appear to go back to the 11th century, when the sandbanks at the mouth on the River Yare were first settled as a recognisable community of fishermen.

The Rows were identified by traditional names, though they were not numbered until 1804, when there were 145. Row names were often taken from notable residents, such as Bayley's Row (no. 97) from Joseph Bayley, a surgeon, or Harnmer's Row (no. 80) from Robert Harnmer, bailiff, or Peacock's Row (no. 142) from a public house of that name. Inevitably, names tended to change, leading to some confusion.

Perhaps the best known was Kittiwitches Row (no. 95) which was also the narrowest, being just 30 ins. (0.9 m.) at its western end. This may originally have gained its name from Kit Witchingham, a 17th century baker who lived here, though there are many other theories about witches and strange happenings in this row. A line of jettied Tudor houses overhung the south side, which, combined with its extreme narrowness, made it always a gloomy place.

So what was a Row like, and what were the conditions in these homes? Almost by definition, the Rows were extremely narrow, mostly too narrow for a normal horse cart to pass down. (The solution to this was the 'Trollcart', which was specially constructed to be narrow enough to pass through most of the rows, and after which the 'Trollcart' Public House has been named.) Most Rows were paved with beach pebbles, which made them hard to walk on. A few were paved with flagstones and carts were banned from these to make them safer for pedestrians.

Moves to clear the worst of the Rows began in 1936, but had made little progress by the outbreak of war in 1939. In the end it was German bombing raids, notably in 1941, which did much of the work, destroying or damaging beyond repair large areas of the old town. In the 1950s, local planners continued where the Luftwaffe had left off, and most of the remaining buildings were cleared to make way for new housing and shopping developments. The destruction of the Rows - however desirable on health grounds - met with some resistance at the time from many residents.

This page was added by Richard Dade on 26/01/2007.
Comments about this page

my grandmother owned a house in one of the rows which the council placed a compulsory order on just before the 2nd world war. I still have all the correspondence relating to the purchase.
I would be happy to show it to anyone with an interest

By barbara taylor
On 11-01-2010

I sent an incorrect email address so I am repeating my comment
I have documents relating to the compulsory purchase of a property situated in the rows, belonging to my late grandmother.(dated just before the 2nd world war)
I am happy to show them to anyone with an interest

By Barbara Taylor
On 11-01-2010

Thank you for the picture of 116 above - my great, great,great grandparents lived there.It was good to see where they lived.

By chris setchell
On 10-08-2010

my mother was born in row 116 no 10 in1 916 its lovely to see is it still there ? I will look

On 27-08-2010

My mother was one of 10 chrildren brought up in row 22, Barnes Row. She has nothing but fond memories of living there, but it must have been a terrible struggle for my grandparents, God bless them. In 1939 they were rehoused in Newtown where I grew up.

By sandra smith
On 03-09-2010

it is so good to see a picture of the Rows. My great grandparents and my grandmother lived in no 39 the Rows its great to see the sort of place she lived in as a girl.

By susan cook
On 29-09-2010

My father lived in one of the Rows as a child with his parents sister and brother. I think it was Row 13 which I have been told is near the Market Place. Any information  - I would be grateful.

By ann rhodes nee yerrell
On 25-10-2010

My Great Grandmother (Florence Balls nee Hough, from Sheffield) and Grandfather Edgar Balls are listed as living at No 4, Row 119 in the 1911 census. I think the entrance of Row 119 still exists.

David Ball

By David Ball
On 25-10-2010

I was born 29.07.1925 in Row 3 at my grandfathers house no 17, and started at Rampart Road School in 1930.

By william.r.v.nicholls
On 06-01-2011

My grandfather and then my father owned the selbourne house/hotel, which I believe was beside Row 65 or 56.. Fond memories.

By victor
On 06-01-2011

I live in Australia and would like to know more about the Rows (my Hawkins family came from Row 123 in the 1830s). Can anyone suggest where can I find more information, either online or in printed form? Thanks, Cathy.

By Cathy Hawkins
On 06-01-2011

I was born at no17 Row 3 on the 29 July 1925, which was my grandmother's house.

By w.r.v.nicholls
On 06-01-2011

Ii gave the wrong no. of the rows my grandmother lived in with my great grandmother and greatgrandfatherand also her brother I said they lived in 39 the rows but they lived in 139 the rows their names were Alice and William Calthorpe my great grandperents, their daughter Laura (my gradmother)and there son William, any information would be greatly recieved.

By Susan Cook
On 28-01-2011

My grandfather, then my father owned the Selbourne House, which stood on what is now the car park at the back of Palmers. (This was) compulsery purchased around 1969 by the council then knocked down. The Selbourne House was a hotel with bar and food being served. It didn`t have a good reputation as it was used by women of the night. Having said that the bar was quite busy and a lot of sailors from around the globe used it for a good drinking session. Lots of local people still remember the hotel, some with good memories and laugh about what went on behind closed doors after hours, as I do.

By frank
On 19-04-2011

My husband's maternal Hackney and Linaker families lived in various places in Gt. Yarmouth, including Rows 45 and 137, North Quay and Cobholm Island. Would love to connect with any that are still living in the area and to know more of the living conditions there in the late 1800s.

By Pat Whitelaw
On 19-04-2011

According to my 2 x Gt Grandfathers marriage certificate, he was living on Row 96 at the time of his marriage 1852. Would love to know if there is a way to find out who he was living with around this time as he isn't listed on any census papers and there is a blank space on his marriage certificate for fathers name. Any feedback would be great. Regards.

By Jacquie Taylor
On 06-07-2011

I was interested in the entry by David Ball, re Row 119. I was born in Row119 No. 16 in 1936. The entrance to the row still exists but only a small section of the row itself is still there. The entrance is in Kings Street opposite St. Georges Church. See attached photographs. My grandfather Arthur Albert Swallow lived in Row 121 No.3 and Row 32 No.3. He died in Row 50 No, 4 Raymond Brown

By Raymond Brown
On 05-08-2011

I only recently discovered the existence of the ROWS on a short break a couple of weeks ago. The Time and Tide museum is a must for authentic information. An ABSOLUTE must is a small art museum opposite Time and Tide in the old town walls. This is a small display of the resident artist's work, behind which is the most fantastic museum and workshops built inside an old herring smoke house. Ernie, the artist, potter and proprietor is a delightful character and mine of information.Shipwreck timbers, up to 500 years old, all retrieved from the sea bed play an important role in the fabric of this fascinating place. This really must not be missed!!

By Mike Bradbury
On 05-08-2011

My great grandmother lived at row 128 with her parents when she married my great grandfather in 1852, he lived on King St.  Her brother, Horace or Uncle was murdered there in 1934.  They never found out who did it.  I hope I can find the Rows when I visit in May of 2012.

By Jodi Johnson
On 19-03-2012

My grandmother and her family lived in row 125 in 1901 which was also known as Gun Row.  She lived there as a girl with her mother and father plus one sister and seven brothers.  Does anyone have any pictures or information on this row, many thanks.

By B Howes
On 02-04-2012

I was born in Row 128 (number 5) 1st June 1929. I have clear memories of a tiny living room, small scullery and minute backyard which just had room for a mangle. I now live in Somerset.

By Don Stolworthy
On 12-06-2012

I was born at no.6 Row 133. According to my late Mum Peggy Cozens (nee Olley) it was bombed whilst we were in an air raid shelter. I do not have any more information but would be pleased with any. Glad to see that more people are interested in the subject of the rows.

By Margaret Hunt
On 02-07-2012

My Great Grandparents Walter Edgar Moy & Nellie Emma Hewitt lived in Row 117 No 18 in 1911, then in Row 99 No 19 in 1912 and in Row 125 No 19 in 1916. They were not well off financially and did not seem to stay anywhere for too long. I live in Australia and am fascinated by the Rows. I would love to visit one day. If anyone has any information on these rows or photos I am really interested.

By Sarah Rossignol
On 09-07-2012

With reference to my earlier comment about no 6 row 133 where I was born, the date was 12th October '39. I would love to hear from anyone with information of the destruction by bombing.

By Margaret Hunt
On 16-07-2012

My gt, gt Grandfather was ChristmasDay Godfrey, a sailmaker, who lived at no 12 Row 128 with his wife, Hannah, a shoe binder. My gt Grandmother Emma was born there. They moved to no 10 Row 97. They had a blind son, William Christmas Godfrey who married Sarah and moved from No 27 Row 28 to 26 George Street where they had a cobbler's shop. ChristmasDay worked as a sailmaker until he died in the workhouse as a widower in 1894. Any further information on this would be appreciated. We are hoping to visit the Rows shortly to see if we can find where they lived.

By Cyril Wedlake
On 06-08-2012

My mother was born in 1923 in I think Row 118. Her name was Duffield, any info would be great.

By Gwen
On 28-08-2012

My dad was born in one of the Rows in 1907. His father is described as an organ grinder on my dad's birth certificate. I imagine life was extremely hard in those days, large families crammed into tiny dwellings in narrow alleyways. My dad left in search of work as soon as he was old enough.

By Brian Popay
On 24-09-2012

Does anyone know of Gooch Row or Gooch Square in Great Yarmouth?  My mother was born there, her mother was Tilly Germany then.

By Janet Newark
On 04-02-2013

My mum was born in 1933; she was brought up on Gooch Row/Square in Great Yarmouth.  Her Mother Tilly (Matilda) Germany at that time, then married name Sutton.  I would like to know if anyone living remembers them at all.  Her mother Tilly had 17 children; there are only 2 children alive today.

By Janet Newark
On 05-02-2013

Have just found this page on the Rows. I was born at No. 16 Row 102 in 1937. The Brunswick Hotel was at the top North East side of the row, opposite on the South East side was Freres Public House, where my mother worked. At the bottom of the row adjoining Middlegate Street, was Docwras Sweet Factory on then North West side, on the South West side was Johnson Factory which was next door to our house. I remember having to get out of the house with my mother (my father was on duty as a fireman) when Johnsons was hit by an incendiary bomb, we went up the row to escape but Freres was also hit by an incendiary bomb, just thinking about it I can still feel the heat from the fire as we squeezed past Freres. We were lucky to get out and were taken down another row to my uncle's house in Middlegate Street, he was John High the billposter, I can remember seeing the Tolhouse alight and several fires in Middlegate Street.

By Derek Barker
On 24-05-2013

My gt gt grandfather died at no 6 Says Corner, which looks as though it was part of the 'Rows'. His name was Thomas Atkins. I think the house was his daughter's Sarah Overill. Where exactly is Say's Corner as I am visiting at the weekend!

By Pauline Manley
On 15-07-2013

My husbands ancestors, the Blyths, lived in Row 39 in the 1860s and Row 51, No 3 in 1881. Very interesting! Will add this link to his tree.

By Margaret Whymark
On 20-01-2014

My great, great grandad Thomas Riches lived in row 99; he married Sarah Page. The row is only half there now.

By mrs brenda waters
On 20-01-2014

As I am now doing my family tree with help from a relative at Norwich I now have information on my mothers mother ( grand mother to me ) Annie Amelia George. She married my grand father Arthur Albert Browne 1906 & lived in row number one (I would like to know where number one was ). Later in life after his wife died my grand father moved to cobham onto a row which was next to Palmers shop. When Jarrolds shop was bombed in 1940's his house was damaged so he moved further down the row across Howard street to number three. I remember at the top was the Qaker meeting house. My grandfather finished his days there and died in 1949. Last year I visited Yarmouth, went down what was left of the row at the bottom of Howard street to a safety grill to stop people stepping out on to the road and across the road where my grand fathers house was is now a carparking area for the kitchen of a hotel but at least there is a plaque on the wall where the qaker house was. Ah well, life must go on but thanks to the people who runs this site he will not be forgotten.

By colin browne
On 30-01-2014

I am trying to trace my family tree on my fathers side. His parents, Albert Victor Taylor and Nellie Mary Taylor lived according to his birth certificate, at 10 Row 37 but my father Victor Albert Taylor was born in the workhouse , Caister Road, which I do not understand, he then became a Barnados child and I am waiting to hear from them (it takes a year to get the information). My father died when I was a child so I have no history from him. Like many of you I keep searching

By Mary Read
On 18-02-2014

I forgot to say my father was born 23/08/1925

By Mary Read
On 06-03-2014

Hi Im looking for anyone that new of the Newarks that lived at 99 century road Gorlston, Great Yarmouth. Janet Newark born 1936 and her brother Michael Newark born 1940 any help would be really appreciated. Thank you

By Sarah Williams
On 14-04-2014

My ancestors ran a Butchers business from 136 King Street and I've been informed that Row  110 was known as
Bellamy the Butchers Row. Can anyone confirm this please.

Regards Doug


By Doug Mussell
On 05-09-2014

for Doug Mussell

found this on flikr  "Great Yarmouth Row 110 has the names New Prison Row or Prison Row. The south side of this row was used for French prisoners of war in the early 19th century. It's also been known as Perry the Oatmeal Maker’s Row or Bellamy the Butcher’s Row. This view looks west from King Street."

By bob
On 03-10-2014

My grandmother Lydia Susannah Billiard lived at 22 Row 123 in Great Yarmouth (she was norn in 1896)  I would be grateful for any photographs or information about where she lived. All of her family were fishermen

By Dorothy Wintrip
On 27-04-2015

My grandmother Lydia Susannah Billiard lived at 22 Row123 from1896 to 1900 Her family were fishermen I would like to find out any information about the area

By Dorothy Wintrip
On 27-04-2015

I have just read that that someones ancestors are the Blyth family.

I am also a Blyth whos relatives lived in the Rows.

I was interested if we may be related as I am trying to trace my family tree on my fathers side

Frank Blyth

By Frank Blyth
On 23-06-2015

My great grandmother, Sarah Jane Life was born in Row 27 in 1873, and then moved to Row 26 where she was living with my great grandfather Asher Self in 1889. I'm finding it hard to find little if any reference to the Life family in the Rows as they don't appear in any census around that time but from birth, death and marriage certificates were living in various Rows so any assistance would be helpful

Mike Levett

By Mike Levett
On 14-08-2015

According to my family tree the Algar family lived in 2nd row 119 for over 100 years. 

Am planning on looking more into the home

By Rebecca algar
On 04-09-2015

My Grandmother is a Blyth and her Great Grandfather and his family were living at Row 51 in 1861, I have recently been looking into her family tree so would be interested to see if we are related to any other Blyths that have commented.  My Grandmother is 102 and remembers visiting the Rows as a child.

By Kate Loftis
On 30-03-2016

I've just seen the comment of Susan Cook (28/01/2011) about Row 139.  I have a postcard from 1911 looking down Row 139.


By David Larner
On 30-03-2016

Just read a comment about Caister Road Workhouse. I spent ages looking for 150a Caister Road! Which I eventually found out to be the asylum/workhouse. 

By KarenH
On 12-06-2016

According to my second great grandmother's birth record she was born Oct 1841 at Row 136 with her parents Charles Johnson SEEKINS, mariner & Ann (nee WHEELER). I'm looking for any information about Charles Johnson SEEKINS in particular, who later died in Stepney in 1849. Any information would be greatly appreciated, including David Larner's of photo of Row 139.  cheers, Terrill (Australia)

By Terrill Riley-Gibson
On 25-09-2016

A distant relative of mine, born 1813 lived at Row 80 number 5 in 1891. He was John Neal DEXTER a cabinet Maker. His previous address included Row 100, Barrows? Walls 11 Amos(iss) Buildings, St Nicholas Road. His first wife was Ann Johnson and second Elizabeth Pope. I need to do more research but any comments happily received.

By Jennifer Bromfield
On 25-09-2016

The postcard used in this article, Row 116, shows my grandparents, William and Beatrice Dugdale with one of their sons Brian, my uncle, whom is still alive and kicking as is his brother Duggie Dugdale, my father who is 85 and living with his wife in Caster on sea. Amazing ??

By Graham Dugdale
On 22-01-2017

My mother Edna May Harrold (nee' Munford) was born in a house in Row 100. Her father was an air raid warden and she remembers as a teenager helping her father to deal with the incendiary bombs using dustbin lids and sand to limit the damage to the surrounding buildings and properties.Edna was one of eight children born at this location, all now deceased. Many tales were told regarding life as a child in the rows such as tying door handles together on opposite sides of the row and retreating to a safe distance after knocking on both doors.

By Roger Harrold
On 22-01-2017

No 3 Row N36 according to 1891 Census was occupied by William Ingram a tailor and his wife Mary Ann Ingram ( Nee Mary Anne west-Alabaster)  Alabaster families lived in the rows.  Any information or connections would be appreciated.

By Ivor
On 04-02-2018

Great Yarmouth Preservation Trust are embarking on a new project to celebrate the fantastic history of the Rows. We are holding a community workshop this Wednesday 16th August 11-1 in St George's Theatre to introduce the project and to collect memories and photos from anyone who has a connection to the Rows. Please email me if you are unable to come but would like to share anything. 

By Charlotte Paddock
On 04-02-2018

When my mother died (Mildred May Savage) I discovered a great many photographs including one of my great grandmother standing outside her house No12 on Rowe 34.  Her name was Phoebe Thrower married to Jim Thrower.

By Daphne Dale
On 14-02-2018

I would love to know about the Rows and see any documents or images if anyone has any! What other names did they used to have?

By Nathan
On 21-11-2018

For anyone interested in the history of the Rows we at the Great Yarmouth Row Houses (English Heritage) are always pleased to provide any information we have and would be pleased to show you around our houses on Row 111 and Row 117

On 21-11-2018

My aunt Pauline Jeffery was born no. 12 Kitty Witches Row on 13/03/1932.

By Janice Bean
On 21-11-2018

My great-grandfather lived in Row 137 and my great-grandmother in 138.

By Tracy
On 23-11-2018

I have family who lived in Row 31. Does anyone have any pictures of this row?

By Nigel Crickmore
On 21-12-2018

My mother and grandmother used to live in row 133 with the rest of the family until WWII then moved to Cobham.  Grandmother was Ethel Sarah Long, previously Clarke, maiden name Howlings.  My mother was Ada Miriam Long.  Anyone have any photos or information regarding the prewar era?  My mother remembers there was a shellfish shop and a chocolate shop at the end of the row.

By David Lewis
On 03-05-2019

My wife’s grandfather, Victor Taylor, was born in January 1889 at 9 Row 128.  Anyone got a photograph of this Row to share?

By Geoff Read
On 26-06-2019

I think the Rows are just amazing! I could read about them,till the cows come home. So much history.I want to move to Yarmouth,but no one wants to move here to Milton Keynes! I would gladly give up my house and beautiful garden,to be there. Even a flat,I would take! I fell in love with this place,from the very first time I came here,way back. I love the walk through the cemetery too! Keep on with the writing of the Rows,it's such a shame that some have been demolished. I love you rows.

From a fan,who reads a lot of you're history. Thank you,



By jennifer warren
On 31-05-2020

My Great Grandfather, Charlie Miller was born at No 14, Row 36, in 1896, he joined the 5/Norfolks days after the Zeppelin Raid on St Peters's Plain along with his brother George. George was killed at Suvla Bay, Gallipoli on the fateful attack 12 August 1915.       

By Clive Harris
On 22-09-2020

My great grandmother's maiden name was Goymour. Family verbal history says that we were French, probably since Norman times and that our family were Wesleyan? But definitely Baptists.

Was very pleased to find that there were Goymour Baptist Rows/north and south.

As others have stated there was a lot of night life around the rows. I expect my ancestors were there preaching to save souls. 

Thowever they got lost a cross Suffolk and Essex and eventually made their way, via Fingeringhoe! To the Docklands of London, where they were slum landlords, of Nelsons Court, also known for its night life! Before selling up to move South of the river, where the became respectable again when my Great great grandfather became Headmaster of the Paragon School. 

By Rachel Rahman
On 30-10-2020

I’ve just come across this great website as I’ve started researching my Julier family history. So great to hear from so many people who’s relatives lived in the Rows. Many generations of Julier’s lived in Great Yarmouth, in Row 42. Specifically Matthew Barwick Julier lived there with Louisa (born Harrison) and his large family around 1850.

By Claire Julier
On 03-04-2021

Whilst doing some family tree research, I’ve had a copy of my Grandmothers birth certificate sent to me. Her name was Iris May Sergeant and her mother was Ivy May Sergeant. They lived at 26 Row 97 in July 1927. Iris had a brother called Norman and a sister called Joan. No father listed on the birth certificate or that we know of which was fairly unusual back then I guess. 

By Kayleigh Martin
On 11-04-2021

Hi, I know a family that had a place called 'Selbourne House' at the bottom of row 59.

Does anyone have any information on the 'KELLER' family that lived here please. 

I know the son was Victor Keller and his father was Frank Keller. 

I would love to find out more about this family's background as I am related to them. 

By Babs codling
On 16-07-2021


By David Lawson
On 24-07-2021

I am writing on behalf of my Mum, her Dad Charles William Robert Cockrill was born in row 42, no 3 in 1902. I'm taking information off his birth certificate. His mother was Laura Lincoln and Father Charles Cockrill. He had a sister Laura and later another sister Ethel Maude. I would love any information about them or row 3 . A picture would be greatly appreciated as I am looking into our family tree at the moment.

thank you in advance 


By C nunes
On 17-09-2021

Hi, Babs Codling - We used to stay at this address each summer during the 50s. I think from the age of 5 or 6. Dad used to say you could shake hands across the street? I remember Maud who did all the cooking whilst never removing a cigarette and never loosing the ash? Mrs Keller looked like a film star with long blonde hair always perfect. We were told Mr Keller used to be a professional wrestler? If there is a way to contact you I could send more memories.

By Leo Sanders
On 12-11-2021

Thanks for this interesting post!

My great grandfather was born in 1872 in Row 137, the home of his mother's family (King).  Later he lived in an actual Peggotty Hut before moving back to the row when his father died. There were at least five children and four adults living in the house by 1881 - not sure how they managed it! Best Wishes to all,

By Amanda Gay
On 11-09-2022

Hi - I have only just discovered this site and it is absolutely fascinating.  My family on my father's paternal side came from Great Yarmouth and moved to Aberdeen (long way!) - they were fisherfolk.  Numerous family members lived in the rows between 1861 and ca 1900 I think - rows 8, 16, 30 and 128 I know of so far but not others.  My father (now 84) and I are very keen to learn more and looking to visit Great Yarmouth to do a bit more research.  Neither of us have been before so any tips would be really helpful!


By Petra Barber
On 10-01-2023

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